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English Roses
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Rosa damascena bifera. Ancient, precise age and origin unknown.

R. damascena biferaAlso known as the Autumn Damask, or Four Seasons Damask, this rose is thought to be the original member of the remontant Damask group. Peter Beales and other authorities speculate that it is the result of a cross of R. gallica and R. moschata. Likely originated in the Middle East.

While this is certainly a fine shrub in its own right, it is a bit sprawly and unkempt for some peoples liking. The clear pink blooms come in flushes through the summer, although I have heard some reports that it can be hesitant to rebloom in all but spring and fall. Mine has produced four flushes of bloom this season, and is still a small shrub. The foliage is typical Damask, with soft, downy greyish green leaves which are reasonably disease resistant. It is supposedly very tolerant of pruning.

There are clear similarities to some of the earliest Hybrid Perpetuals, for example, 'Baronne Prévost'. Some of the Hybrid Perpetuals are reputed to be descended from R. damascena bifera.

ARS merit rating: 8.2
Personal merit rating: 8.5
Hardiness: USDA zones 5 to 8, possibly zone 4 in a protected location.
Shrub size: 3 to 5 feet tall, X 3 feet wide.
Fragrance: 4.5 Intense Damask fragrance. Excellent rose for making pot pourri.

Blanc de Vibert Marbrée seedling #5
Botzaris Marbrée X The Prince, 2002
Comte de Chambord Mme Hardy (Felicité Hardy)
Crested Damask Marie Louise
Hebe's Lip Portland from Glendora
Indigo R. damascena bifera (Autumn Damask)
Jacques Cartier R. damascena semperflorens
La Ville de Bruxelles Rose de Rescht
Marbrée Rose de Rescht X Tradescant
Marbrée seedling #1 Rose du Roi
Marbrée seedling #2 Stanwell Perpetual
Marbrée seedling #4

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