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Black Jade, bred by Frank Benardella, USA 1985.

'Black Jade'
Breeding: 'Sheri Anne' X 'Laguna'.
I first saw this miniature on display at a public rose show a few years ago. I was immediately intrigued by these dark, sultry blooms. I was able to obtain a plant at a sales table at the show. It has continued to be a part of my collection in spite of the fact that it is not a very nice plant. For now, however, I can forgive it its faults for the richly colored blooms it produces. This is an accurate color photo! They truly are this deep a red. For those of you who are searching for a "black" rose, this is likely as close as you will come to it.

'Black Jade' can get Blackspot in the garden, so you may need to spray to keep it clean if Blackspot is a problem in your area. It's a reasonably vigorous plant but tends to be very upright in habit, making it ideal as a cut flower but somewhat graceless as a garden shrub. The blooms fade to an unattractive paler red with brownish, burned looking overtones if you have it placed in an extremely sunny spot. It produces its best blooms in partial shade, where the mid-day sun doesn't burn them and that rich blackish velvet red hue can be its best.Black Jade

I have used Black Jade for breeding, and found it to rarely produce colors as dark as itself. I have bred it with Austin roses 'Wenlock' and 'Othello'. I have created a cross of 'Black Jade' X 'Tuscany Superb', several seedlings which have bloomed now. Some were dark in color, but those were horrible! They were small blooms of poor form that burned to brown even in partial shade. Two plants were kept: one is a very strong, blackspot proof shrub of about 5 feet in height, with wonderful deep pink blooms 4" across. This one sets seed easily, and the seeds germinate well. The other one looks a lot like 'Constance Spry', and is very much more like a Gallica in growth.

'Black Jade' is fairly easily found for sale from Mini rose nurseries, and I know The Uncommon Rose has it available this year.

ARS merit rating: 8.3
Personal merit rating: 7.5
Hardiness: Likely USDA zones 6 to 10, zone 5 in a protected location.
Shrub size: approximately 12 to 18" tall.
Fragrance: 0.5, very little scent.

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Original photographs and site content © Paul Barden 2006, All Rights Reserved.